29 November 2005

RALEIGH, N.C. - One of the nation’s leading suppliers of electronic voting machines may decide against selling new equipment in North Carolina after a judge declined Monday to protect it from criminal prosecution should it fail to disclose software code as required by state law.

Diebold Inc., which makes automated teller machines and security and voting equipment, is worried it could be charged with a felony if officials determine the company failed to make all of its code ? some of which is owned by third- party software firms, including Microsoft Corp. ? available for examination by election officials in case of a voting mishap.

The requirement is part of the minimum voting equipment standards approved by state lawmakers earlier this year following the loss of more than 4,400 electronic ballots in Carteret County during the November 2004 election. The lost votes threw at least one close statewide race into uncertainty for more than two months.

About 20 North Carolina counties already use Diebold voting machines, and the State Board of Elections plans to announce Thursday the suppliers that meet the new standards. Local elections boards will be allowed to purchase voting machines from the approved vendors.

“We will obviously have no alternative but withdraw from the process,” said Doug Hanna, a Raleigh-based lawyer representing North Canton, Ohio-based Diebold.

David Bear, a Diebold spokesman, said the company was reviewing several options after Monday’s ruling. “We’re going to do what is necessary to provide what is best for our existing clients” in North Carolina, he said.

The dispute centers on the state’s requirement that suppliers place in escrow “all software that is relevant to functionality, setup, configuration, and operation of the voting system,” as well as a list of programmers responsible for creating the software.

That’s not possible for Diebold’s machines, which use Microsoft Windows, Hanna said. The company does not have the right to provide Microsoft’s code, he said, adding it would be impossible to provide the names of every programmer who worked on Windows.

The State Board of Elections has told potential suppliers to provide code for all available software and explain why some is unavailable. That’s not enough of an assurance for Diebold, which remains concerned about breaking a law that’s punishable by a low-grade felony and a civil penalty of up to $100,000 per violation.

from Yahoo News

Civil penalties for NOT open sourcing your voting software. Now THAT is progressive thinking. Also something to note, Raleigh is the home of what open-sourced software pioneer…??? Anyone…??? Anyone…??? Red Hat Raleigh is also at the center of what is called the “Research Triangle”… Raleigh, Durham, and Chapel Hill, each of which has a large university at it’s center.

For some time I’ve considered the Open Source movement to be a codification of the Academic “Peer Review” process which all doctoral candidates go through with their dissertation. It seems that “peer review” process has so ingratiated itself into the psyche of the residents that it’s become the law of North Carolina. Kudos to tech-saavy politicians who have made their state more resistant to security threats by eschewing privatized and proprietary software.

Diebold, Microsoft, the future is open. Breathe deeply and deal.